Official name

 Islamic Republic of Iran 

 Head of State

 President H.E. Dr. Hassan Rouhani

 National Day

 11th of February (Islamic Revolution of Iran-1979)

 Capital

  Tehran

 Area

 1,648,196 sq km

 Land boundaries  4,137 km
 Sea boundaries  2,700 km (Including the Caspian Sea)
 River boundaries  1,918 km
 Border countries  Afghanistan, Azerbaijan (Nakhichevan), Armenia, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan
 Climate

 Mostly arid or semi-arid, temperate along Caspian coast and mountainous temperate along west and north-west.

 Natural resources  Petroleum,  natural  gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur 
 Land use (1998):  
 Arable land  300,000 sq. Km                  18.2%
 Meadows and pastures  900,000 sq. Km                   54.6%
 Forest and woodland  120,000 sq. Km                     7.3%
 Other  258,000 sq. Km                   15.7%
 Irrigated land  70,000 sq. Km                       4.2%     
Agricultural products  Wheat, rice, barley, potato, grains, sugar-beet, cotton, fresh & dried fruits, dates, pistachio, fruits, nuts,  poultry, meat, dairy products, wool; caviar, flowers and medicinal plants.
 Population  76.03 million (2012)
 Population growth rate  1.34% (2012)
 Religions

 

Muslim                                              99.56%

Zoroastrian, Christian & Jewish              0.44%

Languages   Persian and Persian dialects, Azeri, Kurdish, Lori, Baloochi, Arabic
Literacy (2011)  Total      84.2%
 Currency Rial (IRR)
GDP   448.2 billion US$ (2010)
GDP per capita  6030 US$ (2010)
 GDP growth rate  6.4 % (2010)
 Total Imports 53451  million US $ (2012) 
 Total Exports 98033 million US $ (2012)
Foreign Direct Investment   4870 million US $ (2012)
 Industries Oil and gas, steel, aluminum, copper, electric and electronic equipment, cement & other building materials, metallurgy, home appliances, iron, textile, rugs and carpets, tapestry, miniature, ceramic, food processing (particularly sugar refining & vegetable oil production), petrochemicals, and car manufacturing & assemblies 
Electricity  Production: 232,955 GWH (2010) 
 Transportation:  
 Railways networks  12000 km (2013)
 Road networks  220000 km (2013)
 Ports  11 commercial ports
 Airports  54